Arthroscopy is a procedure that allows your orthopaedic surgeon to look at the surface of your joints using a small fibre-optic camera. The procedure can be used to diagnose joint problems, perform surgery or monitor disease. The procedure is often used to treat knee, hip, wrist, ankle, and shoulder injuries.
Shoulder arthroscopy involves your doctor inserting a tiny camera into your shoulder joint after which images are displayed on screens for your orthopaedic surgeon to see as he works with small surgical tools. The surgical equipment used in arthroscopy is particularly small, which means that the incisions made in the body will be small, less painful, and will heal much quicker than those made in traditional open surgery.
Shoulder arthroscopy is often performed for the following:
Your orthopaedic surgeon will conduct a thorough physical examination and order X-rays and most probably an MRI scan before considering surgery. During the arthroscopic surgery, you will be placed in a seated position on the operating theatre table. Your orthopaedic surgeon will make small puncture-like incisions in your shoulder, and insert instruments to repair your injury. The latest surgical technology will allow your surgeon to perform techniques like tying knots, anchoring stiches to the bone and passing sutures through small incisions.
Recovery will depend on the severity of your injury, as well as your personal condition. Speak to your orthopaedic surgeon about rehabilitation, physical therapy, and any lifestyle changes that might be required. Recovery from arthroscopy is generally much quicker than traditional open surgery, but your doctor will advise you on methods of reducing discomfort after your surgery.